General Business

Legal Cannabis Employment Drops in US, Increases in NJ

Vangst, a leading cannabis industry jobs platform, has released the annual 2023 Cannabis Jobs Report, which found that there are now 417,493 full-time equivalent jobs supported by the legal cannabis industry in the U.S. This represents a 2% drop in employment. It is the first time legal cannabis jobs have declined year-over-year since the modern legal era began in 2012.

Meanwhile, in New Jersey, which began selling adult use recreational marijuana a year ago this month and has been selling medicinal marijuana products for more than a decade, employment increased by 4,220, bringing the total number of cannabis jobs in the state to 7,367.

Key findings from the 2023 Vangst Cannabis Jobs Report include:

  • Nationwide, annual cannabis sales increased by $850 million in 2022. That’s a 3% rise, from $25.25 billion in 2021 to $26.1 billion in 2022. That figure includes all state-regulated medical and adult-use sales (not hemp, delta-8, CBD, or unregulated sales). Adult-use states accounted for 77% of total sales.
  • One of the newest markets within the industry saw exceptional growth while other legacy markets saw extreme drops. New Jersey gained 4,220 jobs in 2022, bringing the total number of cannabis jobs in the state to 7,367.
  • On the other end of the spectrum, California lost 13% of cannabis employees last year bringing their total to 83,593.
  • Michigan moved ahead of Colorado to become America’s second-largest cannabis employer, supporting 35,405 jobs.
  • 23% of cannabis jobs are in retail, 31% in cultivation, 17% in manufacturing, and 20% in ancillary and indirect jobs. The remainder are in wholesaling, distribution, and lab testing.
  • Whitney Economics expects to see nearly 12% growth in revenue, industrywide, by the end of 2023.

From 2017 to 2022, Leafly and Whitney Economics partnered to produce the Cannabis Jobs Report. This year Leafly has passed the torch to Vangst. However, Jobs Report creator Bruce Barcott and economist Beau Whitney, founder of Whitney Economics, are once again at the helm of the study.

“Vangst is thrilled to partner with Leafly and Whitney Economics on the 2023 Jobs Report,” said Founder and CEO Karson Humiston, “As federal prohibition prevents federal and state labor departments from compiling data on the legal cannabis industry, data such as that found in the Vangst 2023 Jobs Report is critical. Pairing seamlessly with our Salary Guide, Vangst has truly become a one-stop shop for employers and job-seekers interested in the cannabis industry.”

To view the Vangst 2023 Jobs Report, please visit

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